Weekend Reading

A single room home that was designed as temporary housing after the Great Chicago Fire (The Great Chicago Fire).

"Real estate and religion: The tale of Seventeenth Church of Christ, Scientist" (WBEZ).

The relationship between GDP and energy use (reddit - Data is Beautiful).

"Americans Have No Idea How The Government Spends Money" (Washington Post). 

"Genes don't just influence your IQ—they determine how well you do in school" (AAAS).

Bill Gates weighs in on Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-First Century (Linkedin).

A reddit user (/u/minerva330) provides a brief overview of the current research regarding multivitamin use (reddit). In short, there's no proven benefit with the possible exception of vitamin D (yes, this is facile). The pace of scientific breakthroughs has been a great pleasure to watch in recent years and I look forward to seeing where our understanding of the minutia of nutrition takes us, but it will most likely be quite a while. Pulling apart the various effects of each vitamin, mineral, phytochemical, etc. is extremely difficult because there are so many interactions/variables to control and account for. For every study that claims one effect there is almost always another that shows the complete opposite.

"Characterization of Adults With a Self-Diagnosis of Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity" (NCGS) (Journal - Nutrition in Clinical Practice). The study hints that gluten sensitivity in non-celiac people likely doesn't  exist - or rather that only about 1 in 4 people reporting having NCGS show symptoms. Related: the author who originally published findings showing that NCGS exists has published work that counters their original claim saying that another class of unrelated molecules, that are commonly found in food, are actually responsible (NCBI).

US unions are shrinking (Vox).

"Momento Mori" (Ride Like You Mean It). A short well written piece on motorcycle accidents.

 

Weekend Links

A concise and well referenced history of Israel (reddit/r/AskHistorians). /r/AskHistorians is hands down the most well curated sub on reddit and worth visiting independent of reddit itself.

An architecture student "beat" SimCity (Vice).

Hip hop artists ranked by the size of their vocabulary (mdaniels).

The death of expertise (thefederalist).

Increasing your wealth tends to make individuals less egalitarian and more right wing (Warwick University)(PDF link to academic paper).

One of my professors from IIT, John DeSalvo, just published another book. He does all the sketches by hand (W.W. Norton Publishers).

One of my structural professors from IIT, Paul Endres, is being recognized for some unique work he did on a private home in Big Sur (Architectural Record, he's on the cover of the print version).

Webcomic author and illustrator Allie Brosh created a comic about her depression. Many psychologists find it to be one of the clearest descriptions of depression that exists (The Globe and Mail).

SpaceX had it's first soft landing (in an ocean but whichever). Sending cargo into space is expensive - like $10,000/pound (16,000  /kg). About 70% of that cost is the rockets themselves which are only used once before they hurdle backs towards earth either burning up in the atmosphere or slamming into the crust (Wired).

Paul Krugman explains how the United States is becoming an oligarchy. He also plugs Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty. It's a 700-page tome, but (and mark my words) this book is on the level of General Theory of Employment, The Wealth of Nations, Das Kapital, etc. You will more than likely never read it but you will know quotes from it.

More on Capital in the Twenty-First Century from author Thomas Piketty and several Nobel laureates.